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EghtesadOnline: The United States has decided not to impose sanctions on Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif for now, sources familiar with the matter told Reuters on Thursday, in a sign Washington may be holding a door open for diplomacy.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin on June 24 had said Zarif would be blacklisted that week, an unusual public stance because the United States typically does not preview such decisions to keep its targets from moving assets out of US jurisdiction.

Blacklisting Iran’s chief negotiator would also be unusual because it could impede any US effort to use diplomacy to resolve its disagreements with Iran’s regional activities and missile testing, which issues are not part of the nuclear deal Iran signed with six world powers, including the US.

The sources did not give specific reasons for the decision, which came after two months in which US-Iran tensions have soared because of attacks on tankers in the Persian Gulf that the US blames on Tehran, despite the Japanese tanker owner’s refutation, and Iran’s downing of a US drone that prompted preparations for a US retaliatory airstrike that was called off minutes before it was due to hit, Financial Tribune reported.



Cooler Heads 

“Cooler heads prevailed. We ... saw it as not necessarily helpful,” said one source familiar with the matter who spoke on condition of anonymity, saying US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had opposed designating Zarif “for the time being”.

In a sign of how close Washington came to taking action, the US Treasury internally circulated a draft press release announcing sanctions on the Iranian foreign minister.

Zarif is expected to attend a ministerial meeting at the United Nations next week on sustainable development goals, which aim to tackle issues like conflict, hunger, gender equality and climate change by 2030.

To do so, the United States would have to grant him a visa, another sign Washington is holding off on sanctions for now.

Relations have deteriorated since US President Donald Trump last year unilaterally withdrew from Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal with major powers, and his early May decision to use US sanctions to try to eliminate Iran’s oil exports entirely.

Trump’s move to cut off Iran’s oil sales led Tehran to start reducing compliance with the nuclear pact, which was designed to curb its nuclear program in return for relief from economic sanctions.

Asked why Zarif had yet to be sanctioned, a Treasury spokesman referred to a comment on Tuesday by a senior Trump administration official who told reporters, “We’re obviously exploring our various avenues for additional sanctions against Tehran. Obviously, Foreign Minister Zarif is a figure of key interest and we’ll update you ... as we have more information.”



Diplomatic Path 

State Department’s spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said on Thursday Washington wants a diplomatic resolution and repeated Trump’s comment that he is willing to meet Iran “without preconditions”.

“We seek a diplomatic solution,” she told reporters. “We have asked our allies to ask Iran to deescalate the situation.”

On July 4, the New York Times quoted Zarif as saying in an email that he did not own any property, or have any bank accounts outside Iran. 

“So I have no personal problem with possible sanctions,” he said.

Trump has said he is open to negotiating with Iran. However, former US officials said they see no signs his administration is interested in talks on terms other than Iran’s capitulation to US demands.

As laid out by Pompeo last year, these include Tehran totally giving up even its civilian nuclear energy program, releasing US citizens held in Iran and withdrawing from Syria.

The former officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said a decision not to sanction Zarif could be a hint Washington wants to preserve the option of diplomacy even if it appears unlikely for now.

Trump administration officials seem particularly hostile to Zarif, possibly because of his use of Twitter to taunt them as a “B-team” who “despise diplomacy, and thirst for war”.

If Washington wanted to get into a negotiation with Tehran, it could send other conciliatory signals.

One would be to allow a quiet stabilization of Iran’s oil exports, which stood at 2.5 million barrels per day before Trump abandoned the deal and have since fallen to about 300,000 bpd since Trump’s May decision to try to drive them to zero.

Rather than renew sanctions waivers to allow nations such as China and India to keep buying Iran’s oil, Washington could just turn a blind eye to continued purchases, the former US officials said.


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