IAEA: Iran Within JCPOA’s Key Limits
EghtesadOnline: Iran has stayed within the main restrictions of its nuclear deal, a quarterly report by the UN atomic watchdog indicated on Friday, at a time when Tehran is threatening to scale back its commitments under the accord in future in response to new US sanctions.
The report found that Iran was abiding by the main terms of its 2015 deal with world powers, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, including the most sensitive issues of its stockpile of enriched uranium and level of enrichment.
The report did, however, raised questions about the number of advanced centrifuges Iran is allowed, which is loosely defined in the deal, Reuters reported.
A year after Washington abandoned the landmark deal, which curbed Tehran’s nuclear program in return for the lifting of sanctions, European powers are trying to keep it in place, according to Financial Tribune.
The report by the International Atomic Energy Agency comes at a particularly sensitive time, with Washington having sharply tightened sanctions on Tehran this month, and Iran threatening to take steps in response that could eventually bring it out of compliance with the pact.
The administration of US President Donald Trump claims the deal negotiated by his predecessor Barack Obama does not go far enough to curb Iran’s nuclear and missile programs.
After reintroducing sanctions last year, the Trump administration has ordered all countries to halt all imports of Iranian oil from this month. Tehran has responded by threatening to increase its enrichment of uranium, although it says it has not violated the agreement so far.
Washington has also raised the prospect of military confrontation in recent weeks, blaming Iran for attacks on oil tankers and announcing the deployment of extra forces to the Persian Gulf.
Iran denies any link to attacks on shipping and says the US military moves are “psychological warfare”.
The IAEA report said its staff had access “to all the sites and locations in Iran which it needed to visit”.
Inspectors found that Iran’s stock of enriched uranium was well below the limit set by the deal, as of May 20. That last date covered by the report is also the day Iran said it had increased the rate at which it enriches uranium, meaning any acceleration will appear only in the next report.
IAEA said Iran had installed 33 advanced IR-6 centrifuges, machines that can enrich uranium, although only 10 had been tested with uranium feedstock so far. The deal allows Iran to test up to 30, but only after 8 1/2 years have passed. The limit before then is a “grey area”, diplomats say.
“Technical discussions in relation to the IR-6 centrifuges are ongoing,” the report said.
A senior diplomat, asked about the nature of those discussions, declined to elaborate.
While Iran has stayed within the deal’s main limits over the past three years, it once crossed a cap on its heavy water stock within the first year, although this is acknowledged by diplomats as a minor issue.