EghtesadOnline: Iran traded 1.73 million tons of non-oil goods worth $1.25 billion with Latin American countries in the fiscal 2021-22, latest data released by the Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration show.
Trade with Brazil stood at 1.36 million tons worth $737.77 million, for the Latin American country to top the list of Iran’s partners in the region. It was followed by Argentina with 325,523 tons worth $455.633 million and Venezuela with 32,879 tons worth $40.03 million.
Iran’s exports totaled 441,822 tons worth $211.84 million during the period under review.
Brazil topped the list of export destinations among Latin American nations with 406,628 tons worth $182.92 million. It was followed by Venezuela with 32,738 tons worth $22.9 million and Mexico with 374 tons worth $1.78 million.
Imports, which stood at 1.29 million tons worth $1.03 billion during the period under review, mainly came from Brazil with 955,729 tons worth $554.85 million, Argentina with 324,920 tons worth $454.34 million and Venezuela with 140 tons worth $17.13 million.
Latin America is a group of 20 countries and 13 dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese languages are predominantly spoken. The region covers an area stretching from the northern border of Mexico to the southern tip of South America, including the Caribbean.
Joint Chamber of Commerce With Brazil
Iran-Brazil Chamber of Commerce was inaugurated in a ceremony held in the presence of Iranian and Brazilian officials and parliament members, Mehr News Agency reported on Nov. 20, 2021.
Addressing the gathering, Iran's Ambassador to Brazil Hossein Gharibi expressed satisfaction with the inauguration of such an institution for Iranian and Brazilian private sectors.
The envoy called for the expansion and diversification of relations between the two sides.
Brazil is an influential member of Mercosur, he added, noting that Iran also boasts a good market and can facilitate relations between Mercosur and Eurasian countries.
Ahmad Naderi, the head of Iran-Brazil Parliamentary Friendship Group, said that with the opening of the chamber, exports from Iran to Brazil will increase to balance trade between the two countries, as imports from the South American country currently outweighs exports.
He noted that Brazil is the eighth largest economy in the world and Iran's most important trading partner in the Americas.
Urea From Iran in Exchange for Brazilian Food
Brazil’s Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply Tereza Cristina visited Iran in February.
Iran's Agricultural Minister Javad Sadatinejad and his Brazilian counterpart signed document to barter 400,000 tons of Iranian urea fertilizer with Brazilian livestock.
The document was signed between Jihad Esteghlal Institute and the Brazilian syndicates.
According to Agencia Brasil, the national public news agency, run by the Brazilian government, the minister pursued a business agenda in fertilizers for the agricultural sector, with focus on importing Iranian urea.
The Brazilian minister also met with members of the Brazilian-Iranian Chamber of Commerce.
Cristina paid a visit to Shiraz Petrochemical Company, an important urea producer, and to the Shiraz Chamber of Commerce.
"Brazil is a major food exporter to Iran and also a major fertilizer importer - mainly urea – from Iran. I am sure that this will be a very successful mission and many business opportunities shall arise," wrote the minister in a social media post. She took a delegation of Brazilian businessmen with her.
In 2020, Brazil exported to Iran $1.9 billion in agricultural products, e.g., corn (64.4%) and soybeans in grains (21.2%). Sales of Iranian agricultural products to Brazil totaled $2 million in 2020, mostly walnuts, chestnuts, raisins and other dried fruits.
Brazil currently imports over 80% of the fertilizers used domestically. Because of this external dependence and the risk of fertilizer shortages in the international market, which could affect the grain harvest in 2023, the federal government has created an inter-ministerial working group to discuss the issue.
The idea is to develop a policy to expand the national production of fertilizers. One of the initiatives undergoing assessment is the permission for the exploration of potassium reserves in the Amazon and of mineral resources in indigenous lands.
“The Brazilian government has announced that it intends to increase its relations with Iran. Tereza Cristina is the first minister of the current Brazilian government to visit Iran,” Fakhreddin Amerian, the head of Iran-Brazil Chamber of Commerce, was quoted as saying by the news portal of Iran’s Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture.
According to the official, Iran imports goods from Brazil at a customs duty rate of up to 4% while Brazil imposes over 100% in duties on Iranian exports.
As a result, Amerian has called on parliamentarians to pass a bill for the formation of a preferential trade agreement between the two countries with the aim of cutting Brazil’s import tariffs on Iranian goods for a more balanced bilateral trade regime.
“Iran can boost its export of petrochemical products, gasoline, pistachio, raisins and dates to Brazil,” he added.
The official noted that Iran imports 50-60% of its essential goods from Brazil.
Also known as necessity or basic goods, essential goods are products consumers will buy, regardless of changes in income levels.