EghtesadOnline: Registration for the fifth round of recruitment exam of private sector companies started on July 10 and will continue for two weeks.
According to Mohammad Hossein Qamari, secretary of the examination, a total of 23,000 jobs offered by more than 4,300 organizations and knowledge-based, industrial, commercial and IT companies are up for grabs this time, IRNA reported.
Noting that the exams are an appropriate response to one of the main concerns of companies, i.e., the supply of human resources and a solution to the unemployment issue, Qamari said, “Applicants are required to register at https://inre.ir/.
Marketing specialists, sales representatives, laboratory technicians, food industries specialists, HSE specialists, computer operators, IT specialists, chief technical officers, quality control specialists, researchers, associate attorneys, administrative clerks, banking clerks, accountants, executive managers, civil engineers, computer engineers, graphic designers, English translator, teachers, security guards and drivers are among the jobs available to those who pass the exam.
A total of 37,000 were recruited in the last round of the exam.
Fiscal 2020-21 Labor Market in Review
Iran’s unemployment rate, the proportion of jobless population of ages 15 and above, stood at 9.6% in the last Iranian year (March 2020-21), indicating a 1.1% decline compared with the year before.
According to the latest report of the Statistical Center of Iran, a total of 2,474,063 Iranians were unemployed last year. Men’s unemployment stood at 8.4% while the rate for women hovered around 15.6%. Over 1.79 million men and 678,399 women of ages 15 and above were jobless last year.
The unemployment rate was 10.4% for urban areas (two million people) and 7.2% for rural areas (464,726 people).
SCI put last year’s labor force participation rate — the proportion of the population of ages 15 and above that is economically active either employed or looking for a job — at 41.3% or 25.73 million people, registering a 2.8% decrease year-on-year.
Men’s and women’s economic participation rates were 68.7% and 13.9% respectively in the same period, down 2.4% and 3.1% YOY.
SCI reports that 21.4 million men and 4.33 million women of ages 15 and above were economically active last year, i.e., they were either employed or looking for a job.
The center provides two figures for the youth unemployment rate: the proportion of the population between 15 and 24 years and those between 18 and 35 years.
The youth unemployment rate of those between 15 and 24 years stood at 23.7% last year, posting a 2.3% decrease, while the unemployment rate of those between 18 and 35 years stood at 16.7%, posting a decline of 1.2% YOY.
Unemployment rate for university graduates stood at 14.2%, posting a 2.5% decrease YOY. Higher education unemployment rate for men stood at 10.4% and that of women stuck around 22.8%.
The share of higher education unemployment from the total unemployed population was 38.9% last year, which indicates a decrease of 2.7% YOY.
The share of unemployed male and female graduates from the total unemployed population stood at 27% and 70.4%, respectively, while the share of higher education unemployment from the total unemployed population were 42.1% in urban areas and 25.3% in rural areas during the period.
Last year’s employment rate was 37.3% (23.26 million), down 2.1% compared with the year before. Employment rates for men and women were 62.9% and 11.7%, respectively, which constituted 19.6 million men and 3.65 million women.
Employment rate was 36.2% or 17.26 million in urban areas and 41% or 5.99 million in rural areas.
The share of employment of university graduates stood at 25% of the total employed population, whereas male and female graduate employment was 21.4% and 44.3%, respectively. Graduate employment rates in urban and rural areas stood at 30.8% and 8.1% of the total population of job-holders.
Last year’s statistics show that 34.4% of the country’s labor force worked more than 49 hours per week, indicating a 3.6% decrease over the same period of last year.
Employment is defined as persons of working age engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period or not at work due to a temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangement.
The services sector employed 49.3% of the Iranian employed population (11.46 million) last year, 1% less than the year before, whereas industrial and agricultural sectors provided 33.3% and 17.4% of jobs respectively.
Over 7.74 million were employed in the industrial sector, indicating an increase of 1.3% compared with the year before and 4.04 million worked in agriculture, posting a 0.3% decrease YOY.
The services sector consists of wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; transport, storage and communications; financing, insurance, real estate and business services; as well as community, social, education, health and personal services.
The services sector employed 9.43 million men and 2.03 million women last year, over 6.8 million men and 941,566 women were working in the ind the agriculture workforce.
Services sector accounted for 58.7% or 10.11 million of all jobs in urban areas and 24.7% or 1.35 million of jobs in rural areas. The industrial sector made up 34.9% or 6.02 million of the jobs in urban areas and comprised 28.7% or 1.72 million of employment in rural areas.
A total of 6.5% or 1.12 million of the total jobs in urban areas and 48.6% or 2.91 million of the jobs in rural areas were in the agriculture sector.