EghtesadOnline: A huge number of Afghan immigrants and refugees have begun to leave Iran due to the recent decline in the value of the Iranian national currency, arguing that it’s no more cost-efficient to work in the country.
It’s been a while that Afghan immigrants, after living in Iran for several years and decades, have decided to leave the country for other countries in the region amid the volatile economic situation in the Islamic Republic, Bakhtar, the official state news agency of the Afghan government, reported.
“The back-to-back economic shocks in Iran have forced Afghan migrants in Iran to leave the country for other regional countries for better work and life,” a report by Iranian daily Ghanoon said.
Nasirallah, who arrived in Iran alone six years ago for a better life, says, “I’ve been working as a construction worker over the past two years and received my monthly wages regularly. But given the devaluation of the Iranian rial, it seems working in Iran is not economical anymore.”
In an interview with Ghanoon, according to Financial Tribune, Nasirallah said he and other Afghan immigrants working in Iran sent their monthly wages to their families in Afghanistan but over the past months given the volatile economic situation in the Islamic Republic and its declining national currency, they can’t save money to send to their families.
“What’s the use of staying in Iran when we can’t even save money to send to our families? Each month, we receive 10 million rials (about $230) which is equal to 8,000 Afghanis. No one in Afghanistan can live with this amount of money for even a single month,” he said.
These days, most Afghan immigrants in Iran are leaving for Turkey and Dubai. Today, Istanbul has replaced Iran as the utopia of Afghan workers.
Aref and two other Afghan immigrants, who are leaving Iran for Turkey through the western borders, pay 60 million rials ($1390) to a bus driver in Tehran to take them to Turkey. They don’t have passports. But by paying an extra 2 million rials ($460) each to the driver, they are ensured that there would be no serious problem for entering Turkey.
In a bus terminal in southeastern Tehran, Afghans account for the majority of passengers in the 10 to 15 buses leaving for Taybad in eastern Iran near Afghanistan border.
The wave of Afghans’ immigration from Iran gained momentum about six months ago. Most of them depart for Turkey and Dubai, and many others return to their homeland.
Abdollah says he has been in Iran since 1998. “Iran used to be a paradise for Afghan workers. But today the value of the country’s national currency is too low and it is not economical for us anymore to stay here. Most of our friends have already left for Turkey. We go to Turkey and may be to Europe.”
International Organization for Migration said in a new report that thousands of undocumented Afghans have returned home from Iran in the past week, Afghanistan’s TOLOnews reported.
A total of 13,689 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat (Islam Qala) border crossings between July 1-7, 9% more than in the previous week, IOM said.
This brings the total number of undocumented returnees from Iran since January 1 this year to 370,575.