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EghtesadOnline: Iran's crude production inched up in December as the country maintained output close to levels it has agreed to under a global supply cut deal, OPEC's data showed on Thursday.

Crude oil output of OPEC's third largest producer averaged 3.82 million barrels per day last month, an increase of 13,200 bpd from November, OPEC said in its monthly report, citing secondary sources.

Iran has accepted a production ceiling of 3.8 million bpd as part of a deal between OPEC and 10 other suppliers, including Russia, to curtail output by 1.8 million barrels a day to raise prices and bring down inventories. 

The country's own data submitted to OPEC showed a decrease of 67,000 bpd production last month to 3.811 million bpd, according to Financial Tribune.

OPEC uses two sets of figures to monitor its output—figures provided by each country, and secondary sources which include shipping, oil consultancies and industry media.

Iran's output averaged 3.81 million bpd last year, the group said, including 3.82 million bpd in Q4, 3.83 million bpd in Q3 and 3.79 million barrels in Q2.

The combined production of the 14-member group reached 32.41 million barrels a day in Dec. compared to 32.37 million bpd in the month before.

The biggest cuts came from Venezuela (82,000 bpd), Qatar (12,100 bpd) and Saudi Arabia (10,900), but reductions were offset by additional outputs from African producers, including Nigeria (75,000 bpd), Angola (44,800 bpd), Algeria (30,300 bpd) as well as Iran and Iraq.

"Preliminary data indicate that global oil supply increased by 0.4 million bpd to average 97.49 million bpd in Dec. compared with the previous month," the report said.

OPEC kept its forecast for oil demand growth in 2018 unchanged at 1.53 million bpd, reaching 98.51 million bpd.

Should OPEC keep pumping at December’s level and other things remain equal, the market could move into a deficit of about 670,000 bpd next year, suggesting inventories will be drawn down further, Reuters said on Thursday.

Oil Price

Iran Heavy, one of the country's main crudes for export, traded at $60.86 per barrel last month, up $1.6 or 2.7% month-on-month, the report said.

The Iranian crude averaged $51.71 a barrel in 2017, up 30% in the previous year that saw prices plummet to their lowest levels in more than a decade. Oil fell from above $110 a barrel in mid-2014 to below $30 in early 2016.

The OPEC basket of 14 crudes rose $1.32, or 2.2%, to settle at $62.06 per barrel on a monthly average. Compared to the previous year, OPEC's basket price value has settled 28.6%, or $11.67, higher, at $52.43 a barrel.

Global markets were supported last year by an extension of the production cut agreement through the end of 2018 as well as tensions in the Middle East and supply disruptions in the US and elsewhere.

The deal is subject to revision if prices go too high, which situation could prompt producers outside of the deal, particularly the US shale industry, to raise output and disrupt global markets.

Russia has already discussed the possibility of pulling out of the deal as Moscow faces pressure from domestic producers to ramp up output.

Lukoil chief executive, Vagit Alekperov, said last week that Russia should start exiting the crude cut accord if prices remain at $70 per barrel for more than six months.


Opec Iran oil Iran oil output