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EghtesadOnline: Donald Trump escalated his remarks about the U.S. nuclear arsenal on Friday, telling a television host off-air that he isn’t concerned about triggering an arms race with Russia or other adversaries, a day after a tweet that appeared to reset the nation’s posture on atomic weapons.

The president-elect told his 17.8 million Twitter followers on Thursday that the U.S. must “greatly strengthen and expand its nuclear capability,” drawing rebuttals from Moscow and Beijing.

Russian President Vladimir Putin vowed on Friday that he would respond to a fresh U.S. nuclear weapons build-up, and a spokeswoman for China’s foreign ministry said that the U.S. and Russia, which hold the world’s largest arsenals, bear responsibility for leading the world toward denuclearization, Bloomberg reported.

Sean Spicer, named Thursday as Trump’s White House press secretary, attempted a round of damage control on morning news shows Friday, yet his efforts were undercut by the president-elect himself.

“Let it be an arms race; we will outmatch them at every pass and outlast them all,” Trump told Mika Brzezinski of MSNBC’s “Morning Joe” in an off-air telephone conversation, according to accounts by her and her co-host Joe Scarborough.

Damage Control

Spicer said in interviews on MSNBC, NBC, Fox and CNN that Trump’s tweet was intended to signal to Russia, China and other countries that the U.S., while not looking for a fight, would not be intimidated, and that the projection of strength would in an of itself be a deterrent. Trump’s tweet was apparently provoked by a Putin speech on Thursday in which he said the Russian nuclear arsenal should be improved in order to defeat anti-missile defenses.

“Other countries need to understand that if they expand their nuclear capabilities, this president’s not going to sit back,” Spicer said on MSNBC before Trump’s off-air remark to Brzezinski, and that “the United States is going to reassert its position in the globe.”

Spicer separately told NBC that “the president isn’t saying we’re going to do this” and that “there’s not going to be” an arms race because other countries would back down.

“They will come to their senses and we will be just fine,” he said. Trump, he told CNN, was “absolutely not” escalating the situation.

Putin, at his annual end-of-year news conference, said that if there is an arms race “it was not started by us” but “we have to respond.”

Nuclear Diplomacy

While Trump’s comments have raised alarm among proponents of nuclear non-proliferation, they may serve as a counterpoint to critics who have said Trump is too cozy toward Putin and Russia.

It isn’t the first time Trump has toyed with nuclear diplomacy, a field in which the slightest derivation from established policy can cause anxiety among both U.S. allies and adversaries. During his campaign, Trump suggested that countries including Japan and South Korea should consider building their own nuclear arsenals -- remarks he later insisted he never said.

David Axelrod, a former senior adviser to President Barack Obama, suggested on CNN that Trump’s tweet was dangerous.

“We have the ability to destroy the planet a thousand times over,” said Axelrod, adding that Obama has already proposed modernizing the U.S. arsenal without expanding it.

“What signal is he sending the world and what does it mean for the world?” Axelrod said of Trump. “In 28 days he’s going to have control of the nuclear arsenal.”

A second Trump spokesman, Jason Miller, attempted to walk back Trump’s tweet on Thursday, ascribing meaning to the remark that was not evident in the lone tweet.

“President-elect Trump was referring to the threat of nuclear proliferation and the critical need to prevent it -- particularly to and among terrorist organizations and unstable and rogue regimes,” Miller said in an e-mailed statement. “He has also emphasized the need to improve and modernize our deterrent capability as a vital way to pursue peace through strength.”

Donald Trump arms race US nuclear policy